Welcome to my online portfolio. I am an independent contractor and, this fall, will be Adjunct Professor of Political Science in James Madison University’s DC program. My teaching covers political parties and democratic institutions from historic and cross-national perspectives. My research covers electoral systems and American intraparty politics.

I am writing a book on the politics of multi-winner ranked-choice voting, also known as proportional representation. Many say this would improve diversity, reduce polarization, and make gerrymandering impossible. How might such a system be enacted? What form would it take, and how long would it last? One way to know is to consult our own history, when 24 cities had proportional systems in the first half of the 20th century. America is different. Unlike traditionally partisan paths to proportional representation, such as those we saw in Europe, the U.S. path appears as an attack on political parties. In turn, that limits reform’s longevity.

My applied work attempts to gauge the effects of electoral institutions on diversity in local government. This involves measuring the extent of racially polarized voting, then getting a sense of how results might differ under other rules. I also translate political-science findings into useful insights for nonprofits.

You can find my scholarly work in American Politics Research, Electoral Studies, the National Civic Review, Representation (forthcoming), SAGE Research Methods Cases (forthcoming), and several popular outlets.

Georgetown University granted my Ph.D. in July 2017. I was a Research Fellow in the Democracy Fund Elections Program for the 2017-8 academic year. Before graduate school, I worked for IFES (2008-10), the Campaign Finance Institute (Summer 2008), and FairVote (2005-7).