I am a Georgetown Ph.D. candidate working on parties and voting rules in America.

My dissertation is on the politics of election reform. Why does "ranked choice voting" succeed, what does it mean for governing, and why is it so often repealed? To answer these questions, I study the history of proportional representation (PR) in American cities. My major cases are Cincinnati; New York City; and Worcester, Mass. Three basic lessons emerge:

  1. PR results from splits in ruling parties.
  2. PR alone does not cause gridlock, instability, or the raising of new issues.
  3. PR falls when the second-largest faction does not have a veto.

Click for a technical version of the above.

I have other projects about alternative voting rules in state and national politics, then party factionalism in contemporary cities.