I am a Georgetown Ph.D. candidate working on parties and voting rules in America.

My dissertation is on the factional dynamics of election reform. Why does "ranked choice voting" succeed, what does it mean for governing, and why is it so often repealed? To answer these questions, I study proportional representation (PR) in American cities, 1915-61. My major cases are Cincinnati, New York City, and Worcester (MA). Three conclusions emerge:

  1. Enacting PR requires deals with enemies.
  2. PR lets party factions shape legislation.
  3. PR's price is voting with the second-largest faction.

Click for a technical version of the above.

I have other projects about alternative voting rules in state and national politics, then party factionalism in contemporary cities.